Viral warts

Viral warts are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Home therapy using preparations for exfoliating small and individual lesions can be effective. For extensive and keratinizing lesions, treatment is more difficult and generally involves the use of a combination therapy. There are many types of viral warts, and the most frequent are common and flat warts.

Most frequently, common warts are in the form of hard lumps with a rough surface. Usually, they are located on the fingers and foot soles, but they can occur anywhere on the skin.

Flat warts are numerous, small, flat flesh-colored or brown lumps. They occur mainly on the face and back of the hand as well as on the neck and neck line.
Infection occurs through contact with a sick person, but it can also be transferred by objects, such as shoes, swimming pool (floor). Here, a major factor is the individual susceptibility to such infections.


Basic treatment involves the destruction of the lesion. The conservative methods, treatment-based methods or combinations thereof are applied. In the case of recurrent or resistant changes, also the treatment with oral immunomodulatory preparations is used. The most popular treatment methods include cryosurgery (requiring no anesthesia) and electrosurgery – to learn more about these methods, visit the “General dermatology” tab.

It takes several days after the removal of warts for the place to heal. It should be borne in mind when planning a surgical treatment. This applies especially to plantar warts – for approx. two weeks it is difficult to walk a lot or practice sports. Short showers, instead of long baths, are recommended.
In the treatment of numerous, extensive and persistent warts (which suggests a reduced ability of the body to fight the virus), you should be aware of the need to undergo several treatments with an interval of approx. 2-3 weeks. In the case of flat warts, often one treatment is enough.